Install Passbolt CE on Debian 11 (Bullseye)
For this tutorial, you will need:
A minimal Debian 11 server.
- A domain / host name pointing to your server, or at least being able to reach your server through a static IP address.
- a working SMTP server for email notifications
- a working NTP service to avoid GPG authentication issues
The recommended server requirements are:
- 2 cores
- 2GB of RAM
Package repository setup
For easier installation and update tasks Passbolt provides a package repository that you need to setup before you download Passbolt CE and install it.
Step 1. Download our dependencies installation script:
Step 2. Download our SHA512SUM for the installation script:
Step 3. Ensure that the script is valid and execute it:
sha512sum -c passbolt-ce-SHA512SUM.txt && sudo bash ./passbolt-repo-setup.ce.sh || echo \"Bad checksum. Aborting\" && rm -f passbolt-repo-setup.ce.sh
Install passbolt official linux package
sudo apt install passbolt-ce-server
If not instructed otherwise passbolt debian package will install mariadb-server locally. This step will help you create an empty mariadb database for passbolt to use.
The configuration process will ask you for the credentials of the mariadb admin user to create a new database.
By default in most installations the admin username would be
root and the password would be empty.
Now we need to create a mariadb user with reduced permissions for passbolt to connect. These values will also be requested later on the webconfiguration tool of passbolt so please keep them in mind.
Lastly we need to create a database for passbolt to use, for that we need to name it:
Configure nginx for serving HTTPS
Depending on your needs there are two different options to setup nginx and SSL using the Debian package:
2. Configure passbolt
Before you can use the application, you need to configure it. Point your browser to the hostname / ip where passbolt can be reached. You will reach a getting started page.
The first page of the wizard will tell you if your environment is ready for passbolt. Solve issues if any and click on “Start configuration” when ready.
This step is about telling passbolt which database to use. Enter the host name, port number, database name, username and password.
2.3. GPG key
In this section you can either generate or import a GPG key pair. This key pair will be used by passbolt API to authenticate itself during the login handshake process.
Generate a key if you don’t have one.
Optional: Import a key if you already have one and you want your server to use it.
To create a new GnuPG key without passphrase:
gpg --batch --no-tty --gen-key <<EOF Key-Type: default Key-Length: 2048 Subkey-Type: default Subkey-Length: 2048 Name-Real: John Doe Name-Email: [email protected] Expire-Date: 0 %no-protection %commit EOF
Feel free to replace Name-Real and Name-Email with your own.
To display your new key:
gpg --armor --export-secret-keys [email protected]
2.4. Mail server (SMTP)
At this stage, the wizard will ask you to enter the details of your SMTP server.
You can also test that your configuration is correct by using the test email feature at the right of your screen. Enter the email address at which you want the wizard to send you a test email and click on “Send test email”.
The wizard will then ask you what preferences you prefer for your instance of passbolt. The recommended defaults are already pre-populated but you can also change them if you know what you are doing.
2.6. First user creation
You need to create the first admin user account. This first admin user is probably you, so enter your details and click on next.
That’s it. The wizard has now enough information to proceed with the configuration of passbolt. Sit back and relax for a few seconds while the configuration process is going on.
Your user account is now created. You will see a redirection page for a few second and then will be redirected to the user setup process so that you can configure your user account.
3. Configure your administrator account
3.1. Download the plugin
Before continuing passbolt will require you to download its plugin. If you already have it installed you can go to the next step.
3.2. Create a new key
Passbolt will ask you to create or import a key that will be later use to identify you and encrypt your passwords. Your key needs to be protected by a password. Choose it wisely, it will be the gatekeeper to all your other passwords.
3.3. Download your recovery kit
This step is essential. Your key is the only way to access your account and passwords. If you lose this key (by breaking or losing your computer and not having a backup for example), your encrypted data will be lost even if you remember your passphrase.
3.4. Define your security token
Choosing a color and a three characters token is a secondary security mechanism that helps you to mitigate phishing attacks. Each time you are performing a sensitive operation on passbolt, you should see this token.
3.5. That’s it!
Your administrator account is configured. You will be redirected to the login page of passbolt. Enjoy!
This article was last updated on November 24th, 2021.